Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation (PTR) is a medical specialty for the treatment, recovery and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal and nervous system disorders. Physical therapists (physiotherapists) help patients regain their mobility, relieve their pain and improve their quality of life. Here are the main focal points of physical therapy and rehabilitation:
Assessment and Diagnosis: The physical therapy process begins with assessing the patient's condition and making a diagnosis. The physical therapist analyzes the patient's medical history, symptoms and physical condition.
Treatment Plan: Based on the results of the assessment, the physical therapist creates a patient-specific treatment plan. This plan is tailored to the patient's goals, condition and physical abilities.
Exercise and Movement Therapy: Physical therapy includes exercise and movement therapy. This is done with the aim of increasing muscle strength, improving flexibility and balance. Special exercises and therapeutic activities are used.
Manual Therapy: Physical therapists can treat joints, muscles and soft tissues using manual therapy techniques. This can include manual massage, manipulation and stretching.
Physical Agents: Physical agents such as electrotherapy, ultrasound, hot and cold treatments can be used to reduce pain and accelerate healing.
Orthotics and Prosthetics: Physical therapists may recommend orthotics (supportive devices) or prostheses (joint or limb replacements) to facilitate or support patients' movements.
Rehabilitation: Guiding rehabilitation programs after surgery or serious injury is also part of physical therapy. This helps the patient regain function and return to their daily life.
Disease Management: Management of chronic conditions is an important service that physical therapists provide to their patients. This involves developing strategies to control patients' symptoms and improve their quality of life.