Orthopedics and Traumatology is a medical specialty that performs the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of problems related to the musculoskeletal system. This field deals with bones, joints, muscles, ligaments and nerves and is usually concerned with injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Here are the main focal points of Orthopedics and Traumatology:
Musculoskeletal Diseases: Orthopedics and traumatology specialists diagnose and treat conditions such as problems with the structure of bones and joints, degenerative joint diseases (e.g. osteoarthritis), bone cancer and other musculoskeletal diseases.
Fractures and Dislocations: The treatment of bone fractures, dislocations and injuries is an important part of this specialty. Orthopedists use surgical interventions and splints to fix fractures and ensure that the bones fuse properly.
Surgical Interventions: Orthopedic and traumatology specialists perform a range of surgical procedures such as correction of complex fractures, joint replacement, spinal surgery and soft tissue surgery.
Joint Problems: Joint problems can cause pain and limitation of movement, especially in large joints such as the hip, knee and shoulder joints. Orthopedists can direct the treatment of such problems, perform joint surgery and implant joint prostheses (total joint replacement).
Spinal Problems: Spinal problems, such as back pain, neck pain and spinal curvature, are another area of interest for orthopedic and traumatology specialists. These specialists address these problems using spinal surgery or conservative treatment methods.
Pediatric Orthopedics: The treatment of congenital or accidental musculoskeletal problems in children is known as pediatric orthopedics and is managed by doctors who specialize in this field.
Rehabilitation: Guiding rehabilitation as part of orthopaedics and traumatology treatment processes helps patients to regain function after injuries or surgical interventions.
Sports Injuries: Common injuries in athletes are part of this specialty. Orthopedists guide the treatment of sports injuries and the return of athletes to sports.